Technical Details of AAC Blocks
Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC), also known as Autoclaved Cellular Concrete (ACC) or Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete (ALC), was invented in the mid-1920s by the Swedish architect and inventor Johan Axel Eriksson. It is a lightweight, precast building material that simultaneously provides structure, insulation, and fire and mold resistance. AAC products include Blocks and Wall panels.
Composition of AAC
- Autoclaved Aerated Concrete (AAC), also known as Autoclaved Cellular Concrete (ACC) or Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete (ALC), was invented in the mid-1920s by the Swedish architect and inventor Johan Axel Eriksson. It is a lightweight, precast building material that simultaneously provides structure, insulation, and fire and mold resistance. AAC products include Blocks and Wall panels.
- It has been refined into a highly thermally insulating concrete-based material used for both internal and external construction. Besides AAC’s insulating capability, one of its advantages in construction is its quick and easy installation, for the material, can be routed, sanded, and cut to size on-site using standard carbon steel band-saws, hand saws, and drills.
- Even though regular cement mortar can be used, 98% of the buildings erected with AAC materials use thin bed mortar, which comes to deployment in a thickness of 3-4 mm only. This varies according to national building codes and creates solid and compact building members. AAC material can be coated with a stucco compound or plaster against the elements. Siding materials such as brick or vinyl siding can also be used to cover the outside of AAC materials.
- AAC has been produced for more than 80 years, and it offers advantages over other cementitious construction materials, one of the most important being its lower environmental impact.
- The material was perfected in the mid-1920s by Dr. Johan Axel Eriksson, an architect working with Professor Henrik Kreüger at the Royal Institute of Technology. It went into production in Sweden in 1929 in a factory in Hällabrottet and became very popular. In the 1940s, the trademark Ytong was introduced, but it was often referred to as “blue concrete” in Sweden due to its bluish tinge. This version of Ytong was produced from alum slate, whose combustible carbon content made it beneficial to use in the production process. The competing concrete brand Siporex produced in Tuzla, Bosnia, used other raw materials. “Ytong ” acquired Siporex and now-days produces “Siporex” under the “Ytong” brand in Tuzla, Bosnia factory. However, the slate deposits used for Ytong also contain uranium, which makes the material give off small amounts of radioactive radon gas to the surrounding air. In 1972, the Swedish Radiation Safety Authority pointed out the unsuitability of radio-emitting construction material, and the use of alum slate in the production of Ytong ceased in 1975. Ytong produced after 1975 has used raw materials without the uranium content.
- In India, The first plant was established in 1975 by Siporex in a joint venture with the Sirke group who eventually took it over and finally exited the business, As on date approximately 200 plants of sizable and viable Sizes are working in Bharat,
- The viable economy size in this Industry is not in small units, many smaller units tried across the world have failed miserably due to economics working against them.